We have this picture from the gospel art kit hanging in our dining room, one of my absolute favorites, it is adam and eve teaching their children.
There is so much! I have researched and researched and these are just a few of the things I have found that the prophets, scriptures etc have specifically said to teach our children!
What to teach your children in these latter days:
The Doctrine of Repentance
Faith in the living Christ
Baptism and the Gift of the Holy Ghost
The Plan of Salvation
The importance of living in accord with the commandments of God
How to use their time, talents, tithing, and substance to establish the Church and kingdom of God upon the earth
to walk in the ways of light
to work and have responsibility
how to pray, make sure you pray with them
teach their children the importance of God in their lives
.teach our children to honor their parents
wickedness never was happiness
modesty and virtue